When you get right down to it, writing a literature review paper for journals is something that you should find fun doing. You will be working with topics that attract the eye of people who have been into your field. There are so many guidelines that one can follow when they set to write a literature review paper for journals. Here are some of these guidelines.
Purpose Of Literature Reviews:
You can use literature reviews as a convenient reference for a certain subject. Literature review papers can serve as a starting point or overview for your investigation if you are short on time. They are beneficial publications that inform experts about the most recent changes in their field. The literature review’s depth and breadth demonstrate the author’s academic authority in the field. Most literature review papers require extensive knowledge of the relevant literature.
How To Write a Literature Review:
The steps involved in writing a professional literature review paper for journals are given below in order:
- Step. 1: Choose a review topic
- Step. 2: Search and select appropriate articles
- Step. 3: Analyze and synthesize the data
- Step. 4: Organise your literature review paper as 1) Overview, 2) Theoretical and Conceptual Framework, 3) Literature Gap/Summary and 4) references
Keep Points to Consider:
The following explanations provide the essential considerations that you should bear in mind to write a successful literature review paper for journals:
1. Determine the Subject and The Audience:
How do I decide what subject to research? You could spend a lifetime attending conferences and reading the literature simply debating what to evaluate since there are so many difficulties in modern science. On the one hand, if you wait a long time to decide, many other people might have had the same thought in the meanwhile.
However, only a carefully chosen topic is likely to result in a stellar literature review. The subject should at least be an important aspect of the field one that is well-defined, interesting to you, and there is enough material to write about it. You can get dissertation help online in this regard.
Papers that highlight the important research problems that need to be addressed may inspire possible reviews, but ideas might also come to authors accidentally when reading or talking about unimportant material. You should choose your issue and specify who your target audience is at the same time. Many times, the subject will naturally designate an audience, but the same subject may also be of interest to related professions.
2. Ensure You Employ the Appropriate Keywords:
Relevant sources may be difficult to find if you choose irrelevant or unrelated keywords. Your search terms should be clearly defined and aimed at the research articles you need. Determine the primary concepts of your research issue after which you should define keywords for each concept
Put your keywords or key phrases inside double quote marks when using Google to do a search if you want to narrow down the results. This will enable you to only obtain the pages that include your key phrases in the order that you have defined.
3. Write Down Ideas as You Read:
To recall who wrote what, your feelings and associations while reading each paper, you will need a very good memory if you read the papers first and then begin writing the reviews. My suggestion is to start taking notes as you read, including noteworthy facts, ideas for how to structure the review, and writing prompts. By doing this, you will have a rough draught of the review ready by the time you have finished reading the book you choose.
You will still need to revise, reorganize, and rethink this draught to produce a text with a cogent argument, but at least you won’t have to risk the hazard of looking at a blank page. If you’re quoting from the literature in your notes, be sure to include it in quotation marks. It is therefore advised to reword such quotations in the final draught using your own words. At this point, it’s crucial to be attentive when recording the references to prevent confusion. You will save time if you start using referencing software early on in your project.
4. Stay Current While Considering Older Studies:
To avoid being out-of-date before they are published, today’s reviews of the literature must be aware of both the most recent studies and the overall direction and accomplishments of a field of inquiry.
5. Be Consistently Critical:
A good review evaluates the literature critically, points out methodological issues and highlights research needs in addition to summarising it. A reader, after reading a review of the literature, should have a general notion of the most significant developments in the sector under evaluation, the primary points of contention, and the most pressing open questions.
Conducting successful reviews can be a challenge. Working with a group of coauthors who complement one another can help. Some people are good at identifying what has been achieved, while others are better at envisioning challenges ahead. If your journal club is comprised of this type of team, you should definitely write a literature review. To do so requires critical thought as well as consistency in your use of tenses and voices, for example.
6. Decide on The Review Type You Want to Write:
There are different types of literature review papers:
– Research Review – This type of review focuses on new studies conducted by various researchers in different parts of the world. The objective is to summarize these studies and provide evidence that supports them. In case there are conflicting results between these studies, you will have to explain how they differ from each other and offer plausible explanations for such differences. You can also use this kind of review if you want to compare two similar studies that were conducted at different times using different methods but had similar results
– Systematic Review – This type of review focuses on the results of several studies that were conducted over a long period of time. It summarizes these studies and provides evidence that supports them. In case there are conflicting results between these studies, you will have to explain how they differ from each other and offer plausible explanations for such differences. You can also use this kind of review if you want to compare two similar studies that were conducted at different times using different methods but had similar results. –
Meta-Analysis – This type of review is a statistical analysis that combines the results of several studies to provide evidence that supports their findings. This is useful when there are limited data on the topic and you want to draw conclusions based on what has been discovered so far. The most common way to conduct a meta-analysis is by using a random effects model, which allows for study heterogeneity and provides more conservative results than fixed effects models. You can also use the Cochrane Collaboration’s tool to conduct a meta-analysis if you want to ensure that your methods are consistent with theirs.
A meta-analysis is not the same as a systematic review, which is another type of research that looks at many studies to determine whether a particular treatment works. A systematic review attempts to eliminate bias by including all relevant research on a topic and only selecting high-quality evidence that supports or refutes the effectiveness of a treatment.
Both meta-analyses and systematic reviews are important tools for determining the effectiveness of a treatment. However, you should note that they are not always conducted in the same way. In some cases, researchers may conduct both a meta-analysis and a systematic review on the same topic.
Any single review may necessitate processes and considerations that others do not since the topic matter and content of the literature reviews written for academic and scientific publications varies as greatly as the journals themselves do. However, the above-given steps and important key points to writing a literature review paper are useful for any kind of literature review.